Nuclear Power Engineering Section Nuclear Power Division Department of Nuclear Energy IAEA
                        
structure         

The following structure was revised by participating national experts in 2003 and should be used by the national contributors as guidance for the country nuclear power profile. References on where to find more detailed information should be given when necessary. Examples are: websites in the country and sources of information. All tables and charts should contain the source of information. If a section is not applicable to a particular country, then it should be said that it is not applicable.

1.  ENERGY, ECONOMIC AND ELECTRICITY INFORMATION

NOTE: Information for this section could be provided in a concise form pointing to official links already available on the Internet or references for more detailed information. For energy units, please refer to the Attachment at the end of this outline.

1.1.  General overview

  • Geographic situation, climate, etc. (brief description covering only information which is relevant in connection with energy/nuclear power).1.

  • Population (total, density and growth rate)2. Table on population information (see sample format below).

  • Include map of country if possible.1

  • Gross domestic product (GDP) (total, per capita, per sector and growth rate)2. Table on gross domestic product (see sample format below).

  • Estimated energy reserves (fossil fuels, renewable sources and uranium)2. Table on the estimated energy reserves (see sample format below).

  • Energy statistics (Energy consumption, energy production and net imports, energy supply/demand balance for most recent year and time series)2. Table on energy balance (see sample format below).

  • Each Member State should provide its official data, only when the data is missing will the secretariat use IAEA data.

Note: Information in this section should not be more than 3 pages (including the tables).

TABLE ON POPULATION INFORMATION

TABLE ON GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP)

TABLE ON ESTIMATED ENERGY RESERVES

TABLE ON ENERGY STATISTICS

1.2.  Energy policy 1

Brief description of current energy policy in terms of, for example, independence of the sector, use of domestic resources, importance of market forces, influence of climate change and impact of the Kyoto protocol on the energy policy. Discussion on the energy resources of the country and their impact on energy policy. (Changes in energy policy should be included in Section 4.)

1.3.  The electricity system 1

1.3.1.  Policy and decision making process including planning the electricity system

1.3.2.  Structure of electric power sector generation, transmission and distribution network

1.3.3.  Main indicators a table on electricity production and installed generating capacity and a table on energy related ratios (see sample formats below)

TABLE ON ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION AND CAPACITY

TABLE ON ENERGY RELATED RATIOS

2.  NUCLEAR POWER SITUATION 1

2.1.  Historical Development and current nuclear power organizational structure1

2.1.1.  Overview

Brief overview of the main decisions and events related to the implementation and development of the nuclear programmes.

2.1.2.  Current organizational chart(s)

The chart(s) might cover institutional relationships, for example, licensing authorization, financial relationships, i.e. share holdings, and technical/operational relationships, i.e. supply of equipment, materials or services.

2.2.  Nuclear power plants: status and operations1

The main organizations, institutes and companies involved in nuclear power related activities; the boundaries of 'nuclear power activities' might be adapted to the national situation according to the judgement of the drafter; whenever possible, organizational charts should be provided, a short text describing the various entities is desirable but not essential. The drafter for each country should indicate the criteria for the choice of the main organizations presented in this section. The activities performed by the organizations and institutions should also be mentioned here.

2.2.1.  Status of nuclear power plants

Status of nuclear power plants (NPPs) in operation and under construction, as well as suspension and cancellations of units under construction, permanently shut down and decommissioned. Table on status of nuclear power plants, (see sample format below)

Note: Include a map of the country indicating the nuclear power plants and site links, if possible.

2.2.2.  Performance of NPPs

Brief description of overall performance of NPPs (performance indicators and electricity generation)

Note: Please insert a link to the PRIS database for information on individual reactors.

2.2.3.  Plant upgrading and plant life management

2.2.4.  Nuclear power development: projections and plans

2.2.5.  Decommissioning: information and plans

2.3.  Supply of NPPs1

Including architect engineers, nuclear steam supply systems (NSSS) and main component suppliers.

2.4.  Operation of NPPs1

Indicating owners/operators if relevant, operation and maintenance service suppliers and operator training.

2.5.  Fuel cycle and waste management1

Describe relevant information on uranium mining to spent fuel management and waste disposal activities and indicate the organizations responsible.

  • Uranium mining and milling,

  • Uranium conversion,

  • Enrichment process,

  • Uranium fuel fabrication,

  • Interim storage of spent fuel,

  • Reprocessing,

  • Waste management.

2.6.  Research and development1

2.6.1.  R&D organizations and institutes

Institutes, research centers, etc., independent from the companies listed in the sections above, e.g. atomic energy commissions and national laboratories. A description of the national policy, programmes and funding could be included in this section.

2.6.2.  Development of advanced and new generation nuclear reactor systems1

Description of the country's engagement in the development of advanced nuclear reactors, including implementation plans and all necessary details.

2.7.  International co-operation and initiatives1

Brief description of research and development activities carried out jointly with other countries and/or within the framework of international projects, technical and industrial co-operation, and transfer of know-how and technology (excluding the information in the annex1 of international, multilateral and bilateral agreements).

2.8.  Human resources development1

Human resource development as related to nuclear industry programs only, provided by

  • Academic institutions

  • Professional institutions

  • Other training

  • Government programmes

TABLE ON STATUS OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS

3.  NATIONAL LAWS AND REGULATIONS1

3.1.  Safety authority and the licensing process

Brief description of the role and responsibilities of the safety authority and the overall licensing process for nuclear facilities.

3.2.  Main national laws and regulations in nuclear power

List of the essential legal texts regulating nuclear power in the country, with reference to the original publications or links; including a brief summary of the mechanisms in place for financing decommissioning and waste disposal.

4.  CURRENT ISSUES AND DEVELOPMENTS IN NUCLEAR POWER

The information provided in this section should be limited to the most recent developments and current issues. This section could provide the following information:

  • Current energy policy developments.

  • Privatization and deregulation

    • General description of open market issues and their influence on nuclear sector reorganization.

    • Mention de-regulation, competition; privatization, mergers and acquisitions affect or may affect the electricity and nuclear sectors. A discussion on the regulatory and legislative framework in the context of privatization and de-regulation could be included.

  • Role of the government in the nuclear R&D

  • Nuclear energy and climate change

  • Safety and waste management issues

Note: This section may be updated more frequently than the other sections.

REFERENCES

Bibliography (suggested reading for more detailed information).

Appendix

International, multilateral and bilateral agreements

List of international conventions and bilateral agreements signed/ratified by the country in the field of nuclear power.

Appendix 2

Directory of the main organizations, institutions and companies involved in nuclear power related activities

As mentioned in Section 2 (name, address, telephone number, facsimile number, e-mail address, web site address, main activities and production capabilities).

PREFIXES AND CONVERSION FACTORS

TABLE 1. PREFIXES

Symbol

Name

Factor

E

exa

1018

P

peta

1015

T

tera

1012

G

giga

109

M

mega

106

K

kilo

103

H

hecto

102

da

deca

101

D

deci

10-1

C

centi

10-2

M

mili

10-3

µ

micro

10-6

η

nano

10-9

P

pico

10-12

F

femto

10-15

A

atto

10-18

TABLE 2. CONVERSION FACTORS FOR ENERGY

To:

TJ

Gcal

mtoe

mbtu

GWh

From:

Multiply by:

TJ

1

238.8

2.388 x 10-5

947.8

0.2778

Gcal

4.1868 x 10-3

1

10-7

3.968

1.163 x 10-3

mtoe

4.1868 x 104

107

1

3.968 x 107

11630

mbtu

1.0551 x 10-3

0.252

2.52 x 10-8

1

2.931 x 10-4

GWh

3.6

860

8.6 x 10-5

3412

1

TABLE 3. CONVERSION FACTORS FOR MASS

To:

kg

T

lt

st

lb

From:

Multiply by:

kg (kilogram)

1

0.001

9.84 x 10-4

1.102 x 10-3

2.2046

T (tonne)

1000

1

0.984

1.1023

2204.6

Lt (long tonne)

1016

1.016

1

1.12

2240.0

st (short tonne)

907.2

0.9072

0.893

1

2000.0

lb (pound)

0.454

4.54 x 10-4

4.46 x 10-4

5.0 x 10-4

1

TABLE 4. CONVERSION FACTORS FOR VOLUME

To:

US gal

UK gal

bbl

ft3

l

m3

From:

Multiply by:

US gal (US gallon)

1

0.8327

0.02381

0.1337

3.785

0.0038

UK gal (UK gallon)

1.201

1

0.02859

0.1605

4.546

0.0045

bbl (barrel)

42.0

34.97

1

5.615

159.0

0.159

ft3 (cubic foot)

7.48

6.229

0.1781

1

28.3

0.0283

l (litre)

0.2642

0.22

0.0063

0.0353

1

0.001

m3 (cubic metre)

264.2

220.0

6.289

35.3147

1000

1

_______________________________________

1. Information to be supplied by experts from Member States.

2. Information already available to the IAEA Secretariat. However, additional information may be provided by national experts and will be taken into account by the Secretariat.

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