Abstract. Fusion technology and materials research in China was included in the national High Technology Project during 1986 - 2000. After 2000, the National Nature Science Foundation Committee (NNSFC), the State Development Planning Commission (SDPC) and the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) support the field research. The research program covered the topics of tritium engineering, plasma facing materials and structure materials. The Southwestern Institute of Physics (SWIP) was as a leader institute in the research program in the last fifteen years in China and over ten Universities and Institutes joined together to work on this research program.