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(SEP/01) Study of Decay Heat Removal and Structural Assurance by LBB Concept of Tokamak Components

Y. Neyatani1), D. Tsuru1), M. Nakahira2), T. Araki1), F. Araya2) and K. Nomoto1)
1) Naka Fusion Research Establishment, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute 801-1Mukoyama, Naka-machi, Naka-gun, Ibaraki-ken, JAPAN
2) Tokai Research Establishment, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute 2-4Shirakata, Tokai-mura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki-ken, JAPAN

Abstract.  Since decay heat density in ITER is quite low, thermal analyses have shown that only natural dissipation due to thermal radiation can be sufficient for removal of decay heat even in loss of all coolant. Owing to this attractiveness, no cooling system would be required for decay heat removal. In addition, because a magnetically confined plasma terminates by a small amount of impurity ingress, there is no possibility of uncontrolled production of energy, which will damage the integrity of the vacuum vessel containing tritium and other radioactive materials. This statement can be assured with a high level of confidence resulted from the LBB (Leak Before Break) concept.

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IAEA 2001