Radiation Protection and NORM Residue Management in the Zircon and Zirconia Industries

Safety Reports Series No. 51

Subject Classification: 0609-Radiation protection

English STI/PUB/1289; (ISBN:92-0-100607-1); 149 pp.; 13 figures; € 36.00; Date Published: 2007

Download PDF (1.82 MB)

Zircon has economic importance as a raw material in its own right and also as a feedstock for the manufacture of zirconia (zirconium dioxide), zirconium chemicals and zirconium metal. The geological processes that formed zircon led to the incorporation of radionuclides of natural origin into the crystal structure. The presence of these radionuclides is not significant enough to be of any commercial value, but creates a possible need to control exposures of workers and members of the public. This report provides detailed information on all the major industrial applications of zircon and zirconia, the processes involved, the management of naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM) residues arising from such processes, the radiological characteristics of the process materials, exposure pathways to workers and members of the public, exposure levels, annual effective doses, and examples of good practice with respect to monitoring techniques and practical measures to reduce doses. For each process or industrial application, the available information is used as the basis for assessing the regulatory implications in terms of the standards for radiation protection and management of radioactive waste.

Download Order Form PDF
You might also like

Safety of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Facilities ...

IAEA Safety Standards Series - SSR-4

EnglishSTI/PUB/1791

(ISBN:978-92-0-103917-0)

Read more

Communication and Consultation with Interested Parties by the Regulatory Body ...

IAEA Safety Standards Series - GSG-6

EnglishSTI/PUB/1784

(ISBN:978-92-0-102817-4)

Read more

Safety of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Research and Development Facilities ...

IAEA Safety Standards Series - SSG-43

EnglishSTI/PUB/1745

(ISBN:978-92-0-103116-7)

Read more

Safety of Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing Facilities ...

IAEA Safety Standards Series - SSG-42

EnglishSTI/PUB/1744

(ISBN:978-92-0-103016-0)

Read more

Ensuring Robust National Nuclear Safety Systems — Institutional Strength in Depth ...

INSAG Series - 27

EnglishSTI/PUB/1779

(ISBN:978-92-0-102317-9)

Read more

Safety Aspects of Nuclear Power Plants in Human Induced External Events: General Considerations ...

Safety Reports Series - 86

EnglishSTI/PUB/1721

(ISBN:978-92-0-111015-2)

Read more

Safety Aspects of Nuclear Power Plants in Human Induced External Events: Margin Assessment ...

Safety Reports Series - 88

EnglishSTI/PUB/1723

(ISBN:978-92-0-111415-0)

Read more

Impact of Open Phase Conditions on Electrical Power Systems of Nuclear Power Plants ...

Safety Reports Series - 91

EnglishSTI/PUB/1755

(ISBN:978-92-0-108516-0)

Read more

Safety of Research Reactors ...

IAEA Safety Standards Series - SSR-3

EnglishSTI/PUB/1751

(ISBN:978-92-0-104816-5)

Read more

Predisposal Management of Radioactive Waste from Nuclear Fuel Cycle Facilities ...

IAEA Safety Standards Series - SSG-41

EnglishSTI/PUB/1720

(ISBN:978-92-0-110315-4)

Read more

Safety Reassessment for Nuclear Fuel Cycle Facilities in Light of the Accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Pl ...

Safety Reports Series - 90

EnglishSTI/PUB/1726

(ISBN:978-92-0-101916-5)

Read more

Performing Safety Culture Self-assessments ...

Safety Reports Series - 83

EnglishSTI/PUB/1682

(ISBN:978-92-0-101515-0)

Read more

Leadership and Management for Safety ...

IAEA Safety Standards Series - GSR Part 2

EnglishSTI/PUB/1750

(ISBN:978-92-0-104516-4)

Read more

Predisposal Management of Radioactive Waste from Nuclear Power Plants and Research Reactors ...

IAEA Safety Standards Series - SSG-40

EnglishSTI/PUB/1719

(ISBN:978-92-0-109815-3)

Read more