Brachytherapy is a major treatment modality in the treatment of common cancers including cervical cancer. This publication addresses the recent technological change in brachytherapy treatment planning with better access to 3-D volumetric patient imaging modalities including computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) as opposed to traditional 2-D planar images. In the context of 2-D and 3-D brachytherapy, the publication provides definitions, clinical indications, transitioning milestones, commissioning steps, quality assurance measures, and a related questionnaire. Staff training and resourcing are also addressed. The publication will serve as a guide to radiotherapy departments that wish to make the transition from 2-D to 3-D brachytherapy.
IAEA Human Health, Medical Physics, Radioisotope Brachytherapy, Cancer, Radiotherapy, Dosimetry, Transition, Volumetric Image, Quality Control, Computed Tomography, CT, Magnetic Resonance, MR, 2D High Dose Rate, 3D High Dose Rate, Radiology, Medicine